11/24/2021»»Wednesday

Getting Started With Docker On Windows

  1. Getting Started With Docker For Windows 8
  2. Getting Started With Docker On Windows 7
  3. Getting Started With Docker On Windows 10
  4. Docker For Windows 10 Home
  5. Getting Started With Docker On Windows 8
Windows

Windows Server 2019 is the next long-term support release of Windows Server, and it's available now! It comes with some very useful improvements to running Docker Windows containers - which Docker Captain Stefan Scherer has already summarized in his blog post What's new for Docker on Windows Server 2019.

UPDATE: the second edition of my book Docker on Windows is out now. It focuses entirely on Windows Server 2019

You need Windows Server to run 'pure' Docker containers, where the container process runs directly on the host OS. You can use the same Docker images, the same Dockerfiles and the same docker commands on Windows 10, but there's an additional virtualization overhead, so it's good to use a Windows Server VM for test environments.

Getting Started With Docker For Windows 8

Let’s get started. Install Docker on windows. Double click installdocker.msi and start the Docker installation. If you don’t have Docker, by clicking download Docker, you can download Docker. Next, follow the installation wizard to install the Docker for Windows. Then, click 'I accept license term' and start an installation process.

On Windows 10 Docker Desktop is the easiest way to get started

If you want to check out the newest version of Windows Server and get running Docker containers, here's what you need to do.

Getting Started With Docker On Windows

Get Windows Server 2019

You can download the ISO to install Windows Server 2019 now, from your Visual Studio subscription if you have one, or a 180-day evaluation version if you don't. VMs with Windows Server 2019 already deployed will be available on Azure shortly.

  1. Docker Desktop is an application for MacOS and Windows machines for the building and sharing of containerized applications. Access Docker Desktop and follow the guided onboarding to build your first containerized application in minutes. See Docker Desktop for Mac See Docker Desktop for Windows.
  2. Aug 06, 2021 Docker Desktop for Windows or Mac. Start the tutorial. If you've already run the command to get started with the tutorial, congratulations! If not, open a command prompt or bash window, and run the command: docker run -d -p 80:80 docker/getting-started You'll notice a few flags being used. Here's some more info on them.
  3. Navigate to the Kubernetes tab, and check Enable Kubernetes: Click Apply & Restart, and you'll get a popup advising you that you need an internet connection. Click Install to continue. Docker Desktop pulls all the required images in the background, and starts setting up your cluster.
  4. To prepare developers and administrators to use Docker containers in Windows Server 2016, Microsoft has released a free, hands-on virtual lab that guides the user through the installation and deployment of Docker, as well as managing Docker and incorporating Docker on Hyper-V. No setup or installation is required, and it is free to get started.

The installation procedure for 2019 is the same as previous Windows Server versions - boot a VM from the ISO and the setup starts. I prefer the core installation with no GUI:

I installed Server 2019 onto a Hyper-V VM running on my Windows 10 machine, with the VM disks stored on an external SSD drive. The setup finished in a few minutes, and it runs very quickly - even with just 4GB RAM allocated.

You can also upgrade from previous Windows Server versions to 2019 using the ISO.

Connect to the Server

When you RDP into a Windows Server Core machine you just see a command prompt. The first time you connect you'll need to set the password for the default Administrator account. Then I like to set PowerShell as the default command shell, so whenever you RDP you get into a PowerShell session:

Configure Windows Features

To run containers you need to enable the Containers feature, and for a non-production VM I also disable Windows Defender to stop it burning CPU cycles. You'll need to reboot after these steps:

Configure Windows Updates

You'll want to make sure you have the latest updates, but then I disable automatic updates so I only get future updates when I want them. There's no GUI in Windows Server Core, so run sconfig and then select:

  • option 5, to set Windows Updates to manual

  • option 7, to enable Remote Desktop Access to the server

  • option 6, to download and install all updates

Then you're ready to install Docker.

Install Docker on Window Server 2019

Windows Server licensing includes the licence cost for Docker Enterprise, so you can run the enterprise edition with production support for containers from Microsoft and Docker.

The latest Docker Enterprise engine is version 19.03 18.03, which you can explicitly install with PowerShell:

This sets up Docker as a Windows Service, which you need to start:

Pull the Windows Base Images

Any Docker containers you run on Windows Server 2019 will be based on Windows Server Core or Nano Server. You'll need both those images, and be aware that the base images are now hosted on Microsoft's container registry, MCR:

These images are tiny compared to the Windows Server 2016 versions. Windows Server Core has shrunk from over 10GB to a 1.5GB download, and Nano Server has shrunk from over 1GB to a 90MB download!

[Optional] Pull the .NET Core Images

The .NET Core team released versions of their SDK and runtime images as soon as Windows Server 2019 launched. You can pull those now and start running your .NET Core apps in 2019 (there are also .NET Framework SDK and ASP.NET images available - hopefully SQL Server will get some attention soon...)

The upstream Docker images are still listed on Docker Hub, so that's where you go for discovery - but they get served from Microsoft's own image registry, MCR.

Try it Out!

I've pushed an updated version of my .NET Core whoami image, so you can try out ASP.NET Core 3.0 running in Windows Server Core 2019 containers:

One of the enhancements for Docker in Windows Server 2019 is that loopback addresses now work, so you can visit this container using localhost on the server, and using the same published port from an external machine:

And in Swarm Mode...

I'll post a longer explanation of what you can do with Docker in Windows Server 2019 that you couldn't do in Windows Server 2016, but here's just one other thing: Windows Server 2019 now supports ingress networking for Docker swarm mode. That means you can run multiple containers on one server, all listening on the same port, and Docker will load-balance incoming requests between the containers.

Getting Started With Docker On Windows 7

I have lots more detail on this in my Pluralsight course Managing Load Balancing and Scale in Docker Swarm Mode Clusters

Switch your server to a single-node swarm:

Now deploy the whoami app as a swarm service, with multiple replicas and a published port:

Getting Started With Docker On Windows 10

Now when you browse to the VM from outside, Docker will load-balance requests across the five containers which are hosting the service:

Docker For Windows 10 Home

Docker desktop for windows

There's More

Windows Server 2019 is an evolution to the container functionality you get with Docker. Windows Server 2016 is still perfectly fine for production, but 2019 brings Windows containers much closer to feature parity with Linux containers, and smooths over some things which are tricky in 2016.

Getting Started With Docker On Windows 8

And the next big thing is Windows support in Kubernetes, which is expected to GA before the end of the year :) went GA this year. Windows containers are now supported in mixed Linux-Windows Kubernetes clusters - find out more from my post Getting Started with Kubernetes on Windows.

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