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Ubuntu Server Install Docker

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Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions) - Linux

Note

Sudo apt-get remove docker docker-engine docker.io Step 3: Install Docker on Ubuntu 18.04. To install Docker on Ubuntu, in the terminal window enter the command: sudo apt install docker.io Step 4: Start and Automate Docker. The Docker service needs to be setup to run at startup. To do so, type in each command followed by enter: sudo systemctl. Ubuntu Xenial 16.04 (LTS) Docker Engine is supported on x8664 (or amd64), armhf, and arm64 architectures. Docker can help you build a Home Media Server in just minutes without complex setups. In this post, I will show you how to build a perfect home server for a smart home using Docker and Ubuntu. This all-in-one Docker media server will. How to start a Docker container on Ubuntu. The “docker start” command is used to start a Docker container on your system. In this command, we add the container ID of the specific Docker container. For instance, we will start the “ubuntu” Docker container by adding its container ID “3bdee2efafad” in the below-given command.

The examples shown below use the docker.exe but most of these commands also work with Podman. It provides the CLI similar to Docker container Engine. You can read more about podman here.

In this quickstart, you use Docker to pull and run the SQL Server 2017 container image, mssql-server-linux. Then connect with sqlcmd to create your first database and run queries.

Tip

If you want to run SQL Server 2019 containers, see the SQL Server 2019 version of this article.

Note

  • Starting with SQL Server 2019 CU3, Ubuntu 18.04 is supported.
  • Starting with SQL Server 2019 CU10, Ubuntu 20.04 is supported.

In this quickstart, you use Docker to pull and run the SQL Server 2019 container image, mssql-server. Then connect with sqlcmd to create your first database and run queries.

Tip

This quickstart creates SQL Server 2019 containers. If you prefer to create SQL Server 2017 containers, see the SQL Server 2017 version of this article.

This image consists of SQL Server running on Linux based on Ubuntu 20.04. It can be used with the Docker Engine 1.8+ on Linux or on Docker for Mac/Windows. This quickstart specifically focuses on using the SQL Server on Linux image. The Windows image is not covered, but you can learn more about it on the mssql-server-windows-developer Docker Hub page.

Prerequisites

Ubuntu server install docker free
  • Docker Engine 1.8+ on any supported Linux distribution or Docker for Mac/Windows. For more information, see Install Docker. For more information on hardware requirements and processor support, see SQL Server 2019: Hardware and software requirements.
  • Docker overlay2 storage driver. This is the default for most users. If you find that you are not using this storage provider and need to change, see the instructions and warnings in the docker documentation for configuring overlay2.
  • Minimum of 2 GB of disk space.
  • Minimum of 2 GB of RAM.
  • System requirements for SQL Server on Linux.

Pull and run the 2017 container image

Before starting the following steps, make sure that you have selected your preferred shell (bash, PowerShell, or cmd) at the top of this article.

  1. Pull the SQL Server 2017 Linux container image from Microsoft Container Registry.

    Tip

    If you want to run SQL Server 2019 containers, see the SQL Server 2019 version of this article.

    The previous command pulls the latest SQL Server 2017 container image. If you want to pull a specific image, you add a colon and the tag name (for example, mcr.microsoft.com/mssql/server:2017-GA-ubuntu). To see all available images, see the mssql-server Docker hub page.

    For the bash commands in this article, sudo is used. On macOS, sudo might not be required. On Linux, if you do not want to use sudo to run Docker, you can configure a docker group and add users to that group. For more information, see Post-installation steps for Linux.

  2. To run the container image with Docker, you can use the following command from a bash shell (Linux/macOS) or elevated PowerShell command prompt.

    Note

    If you are using PowerShell Core, replace the double quotes with single quotes.

    Note

    The password should follow the SQL Server default password policy, otherwise the container can not setup SQL server and will stop working. By default, the password must be at least 8 characters long and contain characters from three of the following four sets: Uppercase letters, Lowercase letters, Base 10 digits, and Symbols. You can examine the error log by executing the docker logs command.

    By default, this creates a container with the Developer edition of SQL Server 2017. The process for running production editions in containers is slightly different. For more information, see Run production container images.

    The following table provides a description of the parameters in the previous docker run example:

    ParameterDescription
    -e 'ACCEPT_EULA=Y'Set the ACCEPT_EULA variable to any value to confirm your acceptance of the End-User Licensing Agreement. Required setting for the SQL Server image.
    -e 'SA_PASSWORD=<[email protected]>'Specify your own strong password that is at least 8 characters and meets the SQL Server password requirements. Required setting for the SQL Server image.
    -p 1433:1433Map a TCP port on the host environment (first value) with a TCP port in the container (second value). In this example, SQL Server is listening on TCP 1433 in the container and this is exposed to the port, 1433, on the host.
    --name sql1Specify a custom name for the container rather than a randomly generated one. If you run more than one container, you cannot reuse this same name.
    -h sql1Used to explicitly set the container hostname, if you don't specify it, it defaults to the container ID which is a randomly generated system GUID.
    -dRun the container in the background (daemon)
    mcr.microsoft.com/mssql/server:2017-latestThe SQL Server 2017 Linux container image.
  3. To view your Docker containers, use the docker ps command.

    You should see output similar to the following screenshot:

  4. If the STATUS column shows a status of Up, then SQL Server is running in the container and listening on the port specified in the PORTS column. If the STATUS column for your SQL Server container shows Exited, see the Troubleshooting section of the configuration guide. It will be ready for connection, once the SQL Server error logs display the message: SQL Server is now ready for client connections. This is an informational message; no user action is required. You can review the SQL Server error log inside the container using the command:

The -h (host name) parameter as discussed above, changes the internal name of the container to a custom value. This is the name you'll see returned in the following Transact-SQL query:

Setting -h and --name to the same value is a good way to easily identify the target container.

  1. As a final step, change your SA password because the SA_PASSWORD is visible in ps -eax output and stored in the environment variable of the same name. See steps below.

Pull and run the 2019 container image

Before starting the following steps, make sure that you have selected your preferred shell (bash, PowerShell, or cmd) at the top of this article.

  1. Pull the SQL Server 2019 Linux container image from Microsoft Container Registry.

    Note

    If you are using PowerShell Core, replace the double quotes with single quotes.

    Tip

    This quickstart uses the SQL Server 2019 Docker image. If you want to run the SQL Server 2017 image, see the SQL Server 2017 version of this article.

    The previous command pulls the SQL Server 2019 container image based on Ubuntu. To instead use container images based on RedHat, see Run RHEL-based container images. To see all available images, see the mssql-server-linux Docker hub page.

    For the bash commands in this article, sudo is used. On macOS, sudo might not be required. On Linux, if you do not want to use sudo to run Docker, you can configure a docker group and add users to that group. For more information, see Post-installation steps for Linux.

  2. To run the container image with Docker, you can use the following command from a bash shell (Linux/macOS) or elevated PowerShell command prompt.

    Note

    The password should follow the SQL Server default password policy, otherwise the container can not setup SQL server and will stop working. By default, the password must be at least 8 characters long and contain characters from three of the following four sets: Uppercase letters, Lowercase letters, Base 10 digits, and Symbols. You can examine the error log by executing the docker logs command.

    By default, this creates a container with the Developer edition of SQL Server 2019.

    The following table provides a description of the parameters in the previous docker run example:

    ParameterDescription
    -e 'ACCEPT_EULA=Y'Set the ACCEPT_EULA variable to any value to confirm your acceptance of the End-User Licensing Agreement. Required setting for the SQL Server image.
    -e 'SA_PASSWORD=<[email protected]>'Specify your own strong password that is at least 8 characters and meets the SQL Server password requirements. Required setting for the SQL Server image.
    -p 1433:1433Map a TCP port on the host environment (first value) with a TCP port in the container (second value). In this example, SQL Server is listening on TCP 1433 in the container and this is exposed to the port, 1433, on the host.
    --name sql1Specify a custom name for the container rather than a randomly generated one. If you run more than one container, you cannot reuse this same name.
    -h sql1Used to explicitly set the container hostname, if you don't specify it, it defaults to the container ID which is a randomly generated system GUID.
    mcr.microsoft.com/mssql/server:2019-latestThe SQL Server 2019 Ubuntu Linux container image.
  3. To view your Docker containers, use the docker ps command.

    You should see output similar to the following screenshot:

  4. If the STATUS column shows a status of Up, then SQL Server is running in the container and listening on the port specified in the PORTS column. If the STATUS column for your SQL Server container shows Exited, see Troubleshooting SQL Server Docker containers.

The -h (host name) parameter as discussed above, changes the internal name of the container to a custom value. This changes the internal name of the container to a custom value. This is the name you'll see returned in the following Transact-SQL query:

Setting -h and --name to the same value is a good way to easily identify the target container.

  1. As a final step, change your SA password because the SA_PASSWORD is visible in ps -eax output and stored in the environment variable of the same name. See steps below.

Change the SA password

The SA account is a system administrator on the SQL Server instance that gets created during setup. After creating your SQL Server container, the SA_PASSWORD environment variable you specified is discoverable by running echo $SA_PASSWORD in the container. For security purposes, change your SA password.

  1. Choose a strong password to use for the SA user.

  2. Use docker exec to run sqlcmd to change the password using Transact-SQL. In the following example, the old and new passwords are read from user input.

  1. Choose a strong password to use for the SA user.

  2. In the following example, replace the old password, <[email protected]>, and the new password, <[email protected]>, with your own password values.

  1. Choose a strong password to use for the SA user.

  2. In the following example, replace the old password, <[email protected]>, and the new password, <[email protected]>, with your own password values.

Connect to SQL Server

The following steps use the SQL Server command-line tool, sqlcmd, inside the container to connect to SQL Server.

  1. Use the docker exec -it command to start an interactive bash shell inside your running container. In the following example sql1 is name specified by the --name parameter when you created the container.

  2. Once inside the container, connect locally with sqlcmd. Sqlcmd is not in the path by default, so you have to specify the full path.

    Tip

    You can omit the password on the command-line to be prompted to enter it.

  3. If successful, you should get to a sqlcmd command prompt: 1>.

Create and query data

The following sections walk you through using sqlcmd and Transact-SQL to create a new database, add data, and run a query.

Create a new database

The following steps create a new database named TestDB.

  1. From the sqlcmd command prompt, paste the following Transact-SQL command to create a test database:

  2. On the next line, write a query to return the name of all of the databases on your server:

  3. The previous two commands were not executed immediately. Type GO on a new line to execute the previous commands:

Insert data

Installation

Next create a new table, Inventory, and insert two new rows.

  1. From the sqlcmd command prompt, switch context to the new TestDB database:

  2. Create new table named Inventory:

  3. Insert data into the new table:

  4. Type GO to execute the previous commands:

Select data

Now, run a query to return data from the Inventory table.

  1. From the sqlcmd command prompt, enter a query that returns rows from the Inventory table where the quantity is greater than 152:

  2. Execute the command:

Exit the sqlcmd command prompt

  1. To end your sqlcmd session, type QUIT:

  2. To exit the interactive command-prompt in your container, type exit. Your container continues to run after you exit the interactive bash shell.

Connect from outside the container

You can also connect to the SQL Server instance on your Docker machine from any external Linux, Windows, or macOS tool that supports SQL connections.

The following steps use sqlcmd outside of your container to connect to SQL Server running in the container. These steps assume that you already have the SQL Server command-line tools installed outside of your container. The same principles apply when using other tools, but the process of connecting is unique to each tool.

Ubuntu Server Install Docker Mac

  1. Find the IP address for the machine that hosts your container. On Linux, use ifconfig or ip addr. On Windows, use ipconfig.

  2. For this example, install the sqlcmd tool on your client machine. For more information, see Install sqlcmd on Windows or Install sqlcmd on Linux.

  3. Run sqlcmd specifying the IP address and the port mapped to port 1433 in your container. In this example, that is the same port, 1433, on the host machine. If you specified a different mapped port on the host machine, you would use it here. You will also need to open the appropriate inbound port on your firewall to allow the connection.

  4. Run Transact-SQL commands. When finished, type QUIT.

Other common tools to connect to SQL Server include:

Remove your container

If you want to remove the SQL Server container used in this tutorial, run the following commands:

Warning

Stopping and removing a container permanently deletes any SQL Server data in the container. If you need to preserve your data, create and copy a backup file out of the container or use a container data persistence technique.

Docker demo

After you have tried using the SQL Server container image for Docker, you might want to know how Docker is used to improve development and testing. The following video shows how Docker can be used in a continuous integration and deployment scenario.

Next steps

For a tutorial on how to restore database backup files into a container, see Restore a SQL Server database in a Linux Docker container. Explore other scenarios, such as running multiple containers, data persistence, and troubleshooting.

Also, check out the mssql-docker GitHub repository for resources, feedback, and known issues.

Estimated reading time: 10 minutes

Virtual Network Computing (VNC) is a technology which allows remote control of another computer using the Remote Frame Buffer protocol (RFB). In this guide, we’ll cover how to Install and Configure VNC Server on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.

To get started with Docker Engine on Ubuntu, make sure youmeet the prerequisites, theninstall Docker.

Prerequisites

OS requirements

To install Docker Engine, you need the 64-bit version of one of these Ubuntuversions:

  • Ubuntu Groovy 20.10
  • Ubuntu Focal 20.04 (LTS)
  • Ubuntu Bionic 18.04 (LTS)
  • Ubuntu Xenial 16.04 (LTS)

Docker Engine is supported on x86_64 (or amd64), armhf, and arm64 architectures.

  • Docker can help you build a Home Media Server in just minutes without complex setups. In this post, I will show you how to build a perfect home server for a smart home using Docker and Ubuntu. This all-in-one Docker media server will automate media download, streaming, and satisfy your home automation needs.
  • Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux operating system based on free software.

Uninstall old versions

Ubuntu Server Install Docker

Older versions of Docker were called docker, docker.io, or docker-engine.If these are installed, uninstall them:

It’s OK if apt-get reports that none of these packages are installed.

The contents of /var/lib/docker/, including images, containers, volumes, andnetworks, are preserved. If you do not need to save your existing data, and want tostart with a clean installation, refer to the uninstall Docker Enginesection at the bottom of this page.

Supported storage drivers

Docker Engine on Ubuntu supports overlay2, aufs and btrfs storage drivers.

Docker Engine uses the overlay2 storage driver by default. If you need to useaufs instead, you need to configure it manually.See use the AUFS storage driver

Installation methods

You can install Docker Engine in different ways, depending on your needs:

  • Most usersset up Docker’s repositories and installfrom them, for ease of installation and upgrade tasks. This is therecommended approach.

  • Some users download the DEB package andinstall it manually and manageupgrades completely manually. This is useful in situations such as installingDocker on air-gapped systems with no access to the internet.

  • In testing and development environments, some users choose to use automatedconvenience scripts to install Docker.

Install using the repository

Before you install Docker Engine for the first time on a new host machine, you needto set up the Docker repository. Afterward, you can install and update Dockerfrom the repository.

Set up the repository

  1. Update the apt package index and install packages to allow apt to use arepository over HTTPS:

  2. Add Docker’s official GPG key:

  3. Use the following command to set up the stable repository. To add thenightly or test repository, add the word nightly or test (or both)after the word stable in the commands below. Learn about nightly and test channels.

    Note: The lsb_release -cs sub-command below returns the name of yourUbuntu distribution, such as xenial. Sometimes, in a distributionlike Linux Mint, you might need to change $(lsb_release -cs)to your parent Ubuntu distribution. For example, if you are using Linux Mint Tessa, you could use bionic. Docker does not offer any guarantees on untestedand unsupported Ubuntu distributions.

Install Docker Engine

  1. Update the apt package index, and install the latest version of DockerEngine and containerd, or go to the next step to install a specific version:

    Got multiple Docker repositories?

    If you have multiple Docker repositories enabled, installingor updating without specifying a version in the apt-get install orapt-get update command always installs the highest possible version,which may not be appropriate for your stability needs.

  2. To install a specific version of Docker Engine, list the available versionsin the repo, then select and install:

    a. List the versions available in your repo:

    b. Install a specific version using the version string from the second column, for example, 5:18.09.1~3-0~ubuntu-xenial.

  3. Verify that Docker Engine is installed correctly by running the hello-worldimage.

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When thecontainer runs, it prints an informational message and exits.

Docker Engine is installed and running. The docker group is created but no usersare added to it. You need to use sudo to run Docker commands.Continue to Linux postinstall to allow non-privilegedusers to run Docker commands and for other optional configuration steps.

Upgrade Docker Engine

To upgrade Docker Engine, first run sudo apt-get update, then follow theinstallation instructions, choosing the newversion you want to install.

Install from a package

If you cannot use Docker’s repository to install Docker Engine, you can download the.deb file for your release and install it manually. You need to downloada new file each time you want to upgrade Docker.

  1. Go to https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/dists/,choose your Ubuntu version, then browse to pool/stable/, choose amd64,armhf, or arm64, and download the .deb file for the Docker Engineversion you want to install.

    Note: To install a nightly or test (pre-release) package,change the word stable in the above URL to nightly or test.Learn about nightly and test channels.

  2. Install Docker Engine, changing the path below to the path where you downloadedthe Docker package.

    The Docker daemon starts automatically.

  3. Verify that Docker Engine is installed correctly by running the hello-worldimage.

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When thecontainer runs, it prints an informational message and exits.

Docker Engine is installed and running. The docker group is created but no usersare added to it. You need to use sudo to run Docker commands.Continue to Post-installation steps for Linux to allownon-privileged users to run Docker commands and for other optional configurationsteps.

Upgrade Docker Engine

To upgrade Docker Engine, download the newer package file and repeat theinstallation procedure, pointing to the new file.

Install using the convenience script

Docker provides convenience scripts at get.docker.comand test.docker.com for installing edge andtesting versions of Docker Engine - Community into development environments quickly andnon-interactively. The source code for the scripts is in thedocker-install repository.Using these scripts is not recommended for productionenvironments, and you should understand the potential risks before you usethem:

  • The scripts require root or sudo privileges to run. Therefore,you should carefully examine and audit the scripts before running them.
  • The scripts attempt to detect your Linux distribution and version andconfigure your package management system for you. In addition, the scripts donot allow you to customize any installation parameters. This may lead to anunsupported configuration, either from Docker’s point of view or from your ownorganization’s guidelines and standards.
  • The scripts install all dependencies and recommendations of the packagemanager without asking for confirmation. This may install a large number ofpackages, depending on the current configuration of your host machine.
  • The script does not provide options to specify which version of Docker to install,and installs the latest version that is released in the “edge” channel.
  • Do not use the convenience script if Docker has already been installed on thehost machine using another mechanism.

This example uses the script at get.docker.com toinstall the latest release of Docker Engine - Community on Linux. To install the latesttesting version, use test.docker.com instead. Ineach of the commands below, replace each occurrence of get with test.

Ubuntu Server Installation

Warning:

Always examine scripts downloaded from the internet beforerunning them locally.

If you would like to use Docker as a non-root user, you should now consideradding your user to the “docker” group with something like:

Remember to log out and back in for this to take effect!

Warning:

Adding a user to the “docker” group grants them the ability to run containerswhich can be used to obtain root privileges on the Docker host. Refer toDocker Daemon Attack Surfacefor more information.

Install Docker Ubuntu 18.04 Server Windows 10

Docker Engine - Community is installed. It starts automatically on DEB-based distributions. OnRPM-based distributions, you need to start it manually using the appropriatesystemctl or service command. As the message indicates, non-root users can’trun Docker commands by default.

Install Docker Ubuntu 18.04 Server

Note:

Install

To install Docker without root privileges, seeRun the Docker daemon as a non-root user (Rootless mode).

Upgrade Docker after using the convenience script

Install Docker Ubuntu 18.04 Server Manager

If you installed Docker using the convenience script, you should upgrade Dockerusing your package manager directly. There is no advantage to re-running theconvenience script, and it can cause issues if it attempts to re-addrepositories which have already been added to the host machine.

Uninstall Docker Engine

Install Docker Ubuntu 18.04 Server List

  1. Uninstall the Docker Engine, CLI, and Containerd packages:

  2. Images, containers, volumes, or customized configuration files on your hostare not automatically removed. To delete all images, containers, andvolumes:

Ubuntu Server Install Docker Download

You must delete any edited configuration files manually.

Next steps

Ubuntu Server Install Docker Download

  • Continue to Post-installation steps for Linux.
  • Review the topics in Develop with Docker to learn how to build new applications using Docker.

Ubuntu Server Install Docker Windows 10

requirements, apt, installation, ubuntu, install, uninstall, upgrade, update

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